Bacteria in the mouth can cause gum disease, tooth decay, viral disorders, and other common oral infections in children and adults. Oral hygiene can prevent some dental emergencies and many oral diseases. Especially, common dental problems in children are temporary and go away in a few days. However, some complications are more advanced and more severe and require emergency dental treatment. Dentists of an emergency dental office in Vaughan have argued that dental emergencies require immediate treatment to prevent costly and irreversible health problems.
Tooth decay occurs when plaque stays on a tooth for a long time. Plaque is a bacterial stick that is caused by eating sugary or starchy foods. All age groups are prone to tooth decay, but children and the elderly are more prone.
How to prevent tooth decay: Do not give plaque a chance! Brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste and floss once a day. If dental plaque is treated as soon as permanent teeth appear, it will significantly help prevent tooth decay. Older adults with dry mouth should receive regular fluoride therapy and use a fluoride mouthwash.
Dental Infection (Dental Abscess)
The pulp inside the tooth, which contains the tooth’s nerves, is sometimes damaged or infected by decay or injury. The nerve canal that connects the pulp to the root tip can also become infected. Deep caries or cracking of the teeth also opens the way for bacteria to enter.
What to do: If you have pain in or around the tooth, endodontic treatment (root canal) is performed. The emergency dentist removes the pulp, cleanses the pulp chamber and nerve canal, and then fills the tooth.
The Teeth Discoloration
There are two primary reasons why a tooth becomes discolored after an injury: The tooth is trying to prevent the nerve from being damaged, or the tooth is dying. If the tooth is protecting the nerve, it will get darker than the surrounding teeth. If the tooth’s color is like bruises and blood (from pink to gray), it means that the tooth is most likely dead.
What to do: It is usually necessary to get endodontics and then dental veneers. Sometimes there is no choice but to extract a tooth.
Impacted Wisdom Teeth
Many people’s wisdom teeth are hidden. It means they do not have enough space for eruption and remain below the jawline or do not grow properly.
What to do: If your emergency dentist diagnoses that an impacted wisdom tooth may be a problem, he or she will recommend a wisdom tooth extraction.
Tooth sensitivity occurs when cold, heat, or acidic substances irritate the tooth nerves. Abrasion of the enamel causes the teeth sensitivity to certain foods, thereby stimulating the tooth nerve and result in sharp dental pain. Caries, gum disease, and tooth cracking are some of the reasons for tooth sensitivity.
What to do: Use fluoride gel or toothpaste to relieve dental pain. The dentist covers the sensitive tooth with a dental veneer or dental bonding material. Gingival grafting is also necessary to protect the sensitive area resulting from gingival resorption.