Urethral Cancer in Women

Urethral Cancer: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Women should prioritize their physical health. If they notice any unusual symptoms such as blood in the urine should consult a urologist. It can be an indication of some illnesses that may result in further complications. Hence, it is significant to visit the specialist for diagnoses and treatment.

What is urethral cancer?

Women are more prone to get diagnosed with urethral cancer. There is an unusual growth of cells inside the ureter. Ureters are the part of the urinary tract that connects the bladder and kidneys. Without treatment, cancer spreads rapidly to the reproductive system and urinary tract.

What are the natures of Urethral cancer?

The types of Urethral cancer are:

  • Squamous cell carcinoma: It is the most common type diagnosed in women. There is an unusual and uncontrollable cancer cells growth in the urethral lining, preset near the bladder.
  • Transitional cell carcinoma: Cancer originates from the urethral opening in women.
  • Adenocarcinoma: Cancer grows in the urethral glands and is the same for both; men and women.

What are the noticeable indications of urethral cancer?

The signs and symptoms of urethral cancer include:

  • Noticing blood while urinating
  • There is a discharge from the urethra
  • Feeling uncomfortable while urinating
  • Swelling and noticeable lumps on the urethra
  • Enlargement of lymph nodes
  • Backache for most of the day
  • Feeling stressed and lethargic
  • Rapidly losing weight without any effort

What are the causes of urethral cancer?

The exact cause of urethral cancer is not understood. Most of the patients diagnosed with the disease have a history of untreated urinary tract infection and swelling.

Who is at the risk of being diagnosed with urethral cancer?

The individuals who are at risk of suffering from urethral cancer are:

  • Infection and Swelling: Women with urinary tract infection and swelling are at higher risk of developing urethral cancer.
  • STD: Patients diagnosed with sexually transmitted diseases are more prone to develop this condition.
  • Caruncle: Caruncle, which is the urethral mass that may correlate to urethral cancer and its development in females.
  • Age Factor: Women above 40 can ar a higher risk as compared to younger women.
  • Diagnosed with Bladder cancer: Individuals with a history of bladder cancer are more likely to develop the disease. Even if the surgery removed the bladder, the chances are there that the patient gets diagnosed with urethral cancer.

What tests assist in the diagnosis of urethral cancer?

Urethral Stricture Treatment, Symptoms & Surgery Recovery

The tests for diagnosing urethral cancer are:

  • Physical Examination: A complete physical examination is conducted by the specialist to rule out other medical conditions that may be the reason behind the symptoms
  • Blood and Urine Testing: To identify and rule out other medical conditions.
  • Review the medical history: The patients with bladder cancer, swelling, and UTI are at a higher risk; hence, the patient will be required to provide medical history.
  • Cystoscopy: The procedure helps the specialist examine and notice any signs of tumor. The patient is under the effect of anesthesia during the procedure
  • CT scan and MRIs: The imaging testing help in identifying the area of the tumor and the size.
  • Biopsy: A small piece of the tissue from the affected area is extracted through a surgical process. It helps to examine and confirm if the individual is suffering from the disease.

What treatment options are effective for urethral cancer?

Treatments options for treating urethral cancer include:

  • Chemotherapy: To shrink the cancer cells.
  • Radiation Therapy: It targets and destroys cancer cells.
  • Surgery: To remove the affected part from inside and outside of the urethra

Individuals exhibiting symptoms should consult the best urologist in Lahore for diagnoses and guidance regarding treatment.